Your initial oral examination includes a visual examination, charting, periodontal probing, diagnosis and treatment recommendations. We will also take digital x-rays, which includes the panoramic x-ray for proper diagnosis of the anterior (front) and posterior (back) teeth as well as the bite-wing x-ray series for proper diagnosis of proximal decay of posterior teeth.
Routine dental care involves at-home care as well as education and care by professional dental staff.Preventative care is an area of dentistry that encompasses practices that help people prevent oral disease and maintain healthy teeth and gums.
Oral Hygiene begins with your at-home care and continues with visits to your dental professionals. Your routine hygiene visits involves a dental professional removing plaque, tartar and stain in order to prevent periodontal disease and to maintain oral health. For those patients with gum disease, or periodontal disease, a more detailed gum therapy is required. Conventional Periodontal Therapy eliminates the agents which cause inflammation of the periodontium, including the removal of dental plaque and calculus from tooth surfaces from the crown and root surfaces of teeth.
Fillings are done to remove decay and replace the affected tooth structure. It is called a filling because new a material fills hole that decay left. Today, most teeth are treated with tooth colored fillings. Caught early enough, cavities can be treated easily and painlessly. If not treated decay can lead to tooth pain and/or infection, and the tooth would need root canal treatment or extraction.
Bonding and veneers are similar in purpose, since both are used to correct a damaged tooth or teeth. Depending on the severity of damage, Dr. Logan will recommend bonding or veneers to repair teeth that are decayed, chipped, cracked, discolored or misaligned. Veneers are used in the most severe cases.
Porcelain crowns are an extremely versatile cosmetic and restorative dentistry treatment option. They can be used to cover a natural tooth (for example, to protect a broken or discolored tooth, cover a tooth after root canal treatment, or to anchor a dental bridge). Alternatively, a crown can be placed over a dental implant to fill the gap left by a missing tooth. Modern crowns are made of beautiful tooth-colored porcelain that is amazingly natural-looking.
When a patient is missing several teeth in a row, we often recommend a dental bridge, or partial denture. Bridges anchor an artificial tooth or teeth between the surrounding natural teeth. The teeth or tooth beside the gap is covered by dental crowns for added protection.
Dental implants are tiny posts composed of medical-grade titanium, a metal that is biocompatible with oral tissues. The implant is surgically placed in the jawbone, where it functions as an artificial tooth root. Implants anchor replacement teeth individual crowns or full or partial dentures directly to the jawbone. Unlike removable restorations, dental implants cannot slip out of place, and, with proper maintenance, may even last a lifetime.
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease or periodontitis, occurs when the bone and gums around teeth become infected. Gums can become irritated as a result of the bacteria found in plaque, at times turning red, swelling and bleeding easily. If the condition remains untreated, the supporting bone of the teeth gradually deteriorates, resulting in a deeper periodontal pocket that is increasingly difficult to clean. The long term result of periodontal disease is often premature tooth loss.
Scaling and root planing is a common inital treatment for periodontal disease. This allows for the removal of bacteria below the gum tissue that is responsible for causing periodontal disease. Once this "deep cleaning" is complete the health of the tissue will be reevaluated in several weeks to determine your appropriate recall frequency.